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The London Skin Clinic
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A B C D E F H I L M N O P R S U V W

Acne/spots
Developing spots may occur from 10-40 years of age. Treatments are available and will be tailored to your individual skin type.

Advice on sun awareness
The UV rays from the sun are potentially cancerous but the sun is also an important source for vitamin D. Care needs to be taken between 11-3pm and sunscreens applied with a SPF of at least 15 with a UVA protection. Avoid burning your skin and don't aim to tan but the sun should not be avoided altogether!

Atypical
cells that have undergone changes and are not entirely normal.

Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC)
A type of skin cancer, also known as rodent ulcer, usually caused by too much exposure to UV light. The most common type of skin cancer in the UK. Most basal cell carcinomas are painless and usually present as a scab that bleeds occasionally and does not heal completely. They may look like a scaly red flat mark or a white pearly rim surrounding a central crater. Other basal cell carcinomas are quite lumpy, with one or more shiny nodules crossed by small but easily seen blood vessels.

Benign
A lesion which is not cancerous.

Betadine
An antiseptic solution used in theatre

Bupivicaine
A local anaesthetic used in minor day case surgery

Cryotheraphy
The use of liquid nitrogen to treat skin problems such as warts, small skin tags etc

Cutaneous graft versus host disease
After organ transplants graft versus host disease may occur. Dr Scarisbrick is a specialist in this area and has published her work widely. Please make an appointment if you wish to discuss  skin Graft V Host Disease.

Cyst
See Epidermal Cyst and Sebaceous Cyst definitions on this page. 

Debridement
Cleaning a wound through the removal of dead, damaged or diseased tissue

Dressing
material used to cover the wound to ensure it stays clean and dry

Dysplastic
means 'abnormal growth'. It relates to cells that are not quite normal, but not so abnormal to be classed as cancer cells.

Epidermal Cyst
An epidermal cyst is a cyst where the cyst sac forms from cells that normally occur on the top layer of the skin (the epidermis). They can appear anywhere on the skin but develop most commonly on the face, neck, chest, and upper back.

Fissure in ano
This is crack or ulcer in the skin of anus.

Haemorrhoids
These are swellings of the lining of the anus and lower rectum (back passage). They are also known as piles

Ingrowing toenails
An ingrown toenail is one where the edge or corner of a nail grows down and cuts into the adjacent skin of the toe, leading to the toe becoming red, swollen and tender.

Lignocaine
A local anaesthetic used in minor day case surgery

Malignant melanoma
Cancer of the pigment cells of the skin

Mole
Small dark marks on the skin caused by cells in the skin that produce pigment (colour). They are usually brownish, although some may be darker or skin-coloured. Moles can be flat or raised, smooth or rough, and some have hair growing from them. Moles are usually circular or oval in shape with a smooth edge.
Whats in a mole? (.doc download)

Mole check
Mole checks are designed to identify any suspicious or dangerous looking moles. You will be taught how to self check your moles which will also protect you in the future.

Mole Images
Click here to view mole images.

Naevus
Another term for mole

Otoplasty
ear pinning surgery for prominent ears

Papilloma
A  benign epithelial tumor growing that projects outwoods in finger-like fronds.

Proctoscopy
the examination of the anal cavity, rectum or sigmoid colon by use of a small hollow tube (proctoscope) This procedure is normally done to inspect for haemorrhoids or rectal polyps.

Rectal polyps
These are small growths from the lining of the rectum. Polyps in the colon or rectum are fairly common. They are more likely to appear as a person ages.

Sebaceous cyst
A small round lump, usually benign, that can be felt beneath the skin most common on the scalp and back but can be found anywhere on the body. They are caused by blocked glands under the skin.

Sigmoidoscopy
the minimally invasive medical examination of the large intestine from the rectum through the last part of the colon. The investigation is done when a patient presents with sysmptoms including pain in the lower abdomen or around the anus, bleeding or a change in your regular bowel habits (such as continued diarrhoea).

Skin cancer/melanoma/rodent ulcer
There are 3 main types of skin cancer

  1. Malignant melanoma or mole cancer is the most serious and any changing moles should be referred to a dermatologist.
  2. Squamous cell carcinoma is a form of skin cancer which can spread internally. Any non healing lesions or rapidly growing lesions should be referred to a dermatologist.
  3. Basal cell carcinoma are slow growing cancers which grow locally. They should be referred to a dermatologist for treatment to prevent local damage to skin and nerves.

Skin lymphoma
B and T cell lymphoma both occur in the skin. Mycosis fungoides is the most frequent T-cell lymphoma. Dr Scarisbrick is a specialist in this area and has published her work widely. Please make an appointment if you wish to discuss your skin lymphoma.

Skin tag
A common, benign condition which consists of a bit of skin that projects from the surrounding skin and may appear attached to the skin.

Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC)
The second most common type of skin cancer in the UK and is also caused by too much exposure to UV light. A squamous cell carcinoma usually appears as a scaly or crusty area of skin, with a red, inflamed base.

Sutures
Stitches used to close a surgical wound

Urticaria
Urticaria or hives are itchy red wheals which may occur for no reasons or as a result of carrying heavy bags, tight clothing, heat, water, exercise or cold. Treatment can be given to prevent urticaria and relieve the swelling and itch. if urticaria is associated with any swelling of the tongue or difficulty breathing seek urgent treatment from accident and emergency or call an ambulance.

Vasectomy
Vasectomy is a simple and reliable method of contraception. It is sometimes known as male sterilisation. The procedure works by preventing sperm from the testes reaching the semen that is ejaculated during sex.

Verucca 
A type of wart usually found on the feet.

Vitiligo/white patches
Developing White patches of skin is frightening. This may represent vitiligo which can be treated. There are several other causes of white patches and your dermatologist will be able identify these.

Wart
Generally a small, rough tumor, typically on hands and feet, that can resemble a cauliflower or a solid blister. Warts are common, and are caused by a viral infection. They are highly contagious

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